I deal with my bank and use forward exchange contracts, typically rolled out at inception for 1 year. That means I don’t really worry about day-to-day changes unless the trend itself is in danger. In the past I have shown the spot rate that I have entered deals and ignored the forward points, whether they have been a benefit or cost.
But some of these carry trades have been in place a long time, and the points are getting extremely valuable. So from now on I will show the deal at the forward rate and strip out the unearned forward points for valuation.
Here are the trades I am active in:
This was originally made up of two trades:
An original deal of long USD3m short JPY @103.10 (unfrozen on 5 June 2009) and a short USD3m long AUD @ 0.8030 (yes, crossing it up with the AUD has saved me!) done on 5 June 2009, creating a cross of 82.79 average.
I have not bothered with the points on the USD/JPY leg as the interest differential was so small.
The AUD/JPY deal was rolled to 7 June 2010 at a 230 point benefit and has since been rolled again at the bank to 7 June 2011 at a 380 point benefit (as AUD interest rates have climbed over the rollovers).
Current spot rate: 81.35
The state of Japanese government finances remains extreme. The new government will eventually break the self-imposed debt ceiling and prompt a credit downgrade by the ratings agencies. But the weakness of the USD remains paramount at this stage, especially with QE the dominant force at the Fed. The USD/JPY will eventually test the 80.00 area, and we will see the Japanese intervene below there. I am not hopeful that they will achieve anything by intervening, but the AUD upmove itself should compensate for USD weakness.
I am happy with the current exposure, but more from a carry trade perspective, in that time works the profit out.
The NZD/JPY deal was rolled from the last trade of 1m (making 3m in total at an average of 57.23) on 28 May 2009 to 28 May 2010 at a 160 point benefit and has since been rolled again at the bank to 27 May 2011 at a 230 point benefit (as NZD interest rates have climbed over the rollovers).
So the new rate due 27 May 2011 is 53.33, but only on 27 May 2011.
The unearned forward points as at today are 121 points cost, so an effective spot rate for valuation purposes of 54.54.
Current rate: 63.80
In the long run, all other things being equal, the Euro Zone debt position is far better than the US. If the US does not move to reduce the budget deficit over time, then the USD will become the next Greece.
I still believe that Europe will raise interest rates before the US does. Watch the inflation readings. With Gold, oil and food all hugely higher, inflation is on its way. Have look at
then expand the agriculture icon!!!!
Agriculture is up 25%, with cotton up 90%!
Current rate: 1.6114
Took a loss on my short GBP1m position at 1.5278 (short from 1.4990) of USD 28,800. Took a gain (back on 11 August) on my long GBP1m position at 1.5820 (long from 1.5278) of USD 54,200. Net gain USD25,400 (NZD35,376 @0.7180).
Current rate: 0.9861
Current: Gain 1954 points.
So the new rate due 28 September 2011 is 0.7907, but only on 28 September 2011. The unearned forward points as at today are 393 points cost, so an effective spot rate for valuation purposes of 0.8300.
Happy with the current exposure.
Current rate: 0.7730
Current : Gain 985 points.
So the new rate due 28 September 2011 is 0.6745, but only on 28 September 2011. The unearned forward points are 207 points cost, so an effective spot rate for valuation purposes of 0.6952.
The NZD/USD is still looking very positive, with commodity prices still driving the NZD higher. There is also some pressure from the Canterbury earthquake offshore flows. As the re-insurers offshore pay out on the claims they have to buy NZD’s. The sums involved are large and that is driving the NZD/EUR and NZD/GBP higher, as the re-insurers are in the UK and Europe.
The NZD/USD is still following the AUD/USD, which is driven by Asian developments. The NZD/USD has not really had the benefit of rising interest rates, but this cannot be too far away now. Inflation pressures are strong in China and Asia and we need the higher NZD to insulate us from imported inflation. When the RBNZ begins to raise interest rates in March 2011, the NZD/USD will begin to test the post float highs around 0.8250. Target remains the highs of 0.8250, but we may see the 0.9000’s before this trend finally tires.
Happy with the current exposure.
Unrealised gains NZD1,174k (AUD/JPY +134, NZD/JPY +435k, AUD/USD +404k, NZD/USD +201k).
Previous realised balance: NZD2,344,360.38
Plus GBP/USD realised gains of NZD35,376
Total gains banked since August 2007:
So if I cashed up the whole lot right now I would have made over NZD3.5m since August 2007 or slightly over 3 years.
If you don’t believe me, scroll back through all my posts to see how I did it!!